ABOUT CANCER IN CANADA
Cancer strikes males and females, young and old, and those in different regions across Canada on a decidedly uneven basis. This section examines incidence and mortality by sex, age and geographic region to see how cancer affects people in Canada.
Incidence & Mortality
Cancer is the leading cause of death in Canada and is responsible for over 30% of all deaths.
Four cancers—prostate, breast, lung and colorectal—together are expected to account for more than half (about 50%) of all new cases diagnosed in Canada in 2016.
Cancer primarily affects Canadians over the age of 50, as 89% of all new cases are diagnosed in people in this age group.
In 2016, it is estimated that 89% of all cancers will be diagnosed in Canadians age 50 years and over, while 44% will occur in Canadians 70 years of age and older.
Increases in the number of new cases are largely due to a growing and aging population.
Every day, 555 Canadians will be diagnosed with cancer and 216 will die. Every hour, an estimated 23 people will be diagnosed with cancer, and nine will die.
In 2016, an estimated 202,400 new cases of cancer and 78,800 cancer deaths will occur Canada.
An estimated 2 in 5 Canadians will develop cancer in their lifetimes, and 1 in 4 will die from it.
In 2009, about 810,045 Canadians diagnosed with cancer in the previous 10 years were alive. This represented about 2.4% of the Canadian population or 1 out of every 42 Canadians.
In 2016, an estimated 18,400 new cases will be diagnosed in Alberta and 6,500 people will die of cancer.
For both men and women in Alberta, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death. In 2016, an estimated 1,050 men and 1,100 women will be diagnosed with lung cancer. An estimated 810 men and 790 women will die of lung cancer.
For men in Alberta, prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed type of cancer. In 2016, an estimated 2,600 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer and an estimated 410 will die of it.
For women in Alberta, breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed type of cancer. In 2016, an estimated 2,400 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer and an estimated 410 will die of it.
In 2016, an estimated 1,300 men and 900 women will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer.
For more information, go to Canadian Cancer Statistics publication.
Approximately 99,500 Canadian women and 102,900 Canadian men will be diagnosed with cancer in 2016.
Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer death for both sexes. It is responsible for approximately equal proportions of all cancer deaths in both males and females.
Prostate cancer remains the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men, with 21,600 new cases expected in 2016.
Breast cancer remains the most common cancer diagnosed in women, with 25,700 new cases expected in 2016.
For both Canadian men and women, the median age of cancer diagnosis is between 65 and 69 years of age.
For more information, go to Canadian Cancer Statistics Publication.
Source: Canadian Cancer Society